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(Yonhap Interview) Family is 'unbearable heaviness of being'

2017/07/03 16:00

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By Woo Jae-yeon

SEOUL, July 3 (Yonhap) -- A funeral offers a chance for emotional bonding among the bereaved family while getting together and grieving for the loss of a loved one. But it can also be the moment when raw emotions and tensions placed under wraps for far too long abruptly come out and viscerally hurt each other.

In "The House of Mourning," artist Cho Moon-ki wittingly -- and somewhat hilariously -- captures the tangle of raw emotions and physical wrangling among the family trapped in the latter situation.

This image provided by Barakat Seoul and Cho Moon-ki shows the artist's "The House of Mournino" in 2014. (Yonhap) This image provided by Barakat Seoul and Cho Moon-ki shows the artist's "The House of Mournino" in 2014. (Yonhap)

This image provided by Barakat Seoul and Cho Moon-ki shows the artist's "Grace" in 2014. (Yonhap) This image provided by Barakat Seoul and Cho Moon-ki shows the artist's "Grace" in 2014. (Yonhap)

The chief mourner presses down hard with one hand on the mouth of another man who struggles to hit him in the face, while others try to stop the fight. A shirtless man, possibly drunk, is engaged in a brawl with another man who, sitting on his knees, tries to block with both arms what might come next from the irrational, angry relative. Right next to them, a woman lies on her side, possibly having passed out from exhaustion or too much alcohol. A girl, totally oblivious to the on-going brouhaha, looks intently at her cellphone.

By showing the ugliest and lowest possible scene that a family can make, who feels nothing but bitterness, anger, contempt and frustration toward one another, the artist talks about tensions and inner conflicts from human relationships and a possibility that a parent's unconditional love is only a myth.

This undated image provided by South Korean artist Cho Moon-ki on July 3, 2017, shows the artist himself. (Yonhap) This undated image provided by South Korean artist Cho Moon-ki on July 3, 2017, shows the artist himself. (Yonhap)

This image provided by Barakat Seoul and Cho Moon-ki shows the artist's "Offense and Defense" in 2013. (Yonhap) This image provided by Barakat Seoul and Cho Moon-ki shows the artist's "Offense and Defense" in 2013. (Yonhap)

"I've been interested in inner conflicts of relationships. As a family is the basic unit that comprises a human society, I've inevitably gotten down to various problems arising from the unbreakable emotional bridle that a family, as an institution, puts on individuals," the artist told Yonhap News Agency last Friday at Barakat Seoul where his paintings were on display as part of the exhibition "The Absence of Paterfamilias."

   Pointing out the deeply patriarchal nature of Korean society, he added that the country still put too much emphasis on the purported merits of being obedient and staying within a group, while muting the voices for individual happiness.

Since his school years, he has been quite rebellious, he said. He used to be obsessed with Japanese animations. And the government's ban on imports of Japanese cultural products that had lasted until 1998 only made his obsession grow more in protest.

This image provided by Cho Moon-ki shows the artist's "Tower" in 2012. (Yonhap) This image provided by Cho Moon-ki shows the artist's "Tower" in 2012. (Yonhap)

He often intentionally drew provocative paintings that made others frown at them in shock or disgust, which in turn gave him a thrill and excitement.

"I liked to be different from others and enjoyed watching how people would react to my paintings. I still do and hope my work gives fodder to think and talk about," the 39-year-old said, adding, "Work that everyone likes is destined to not be good. I'd like my work to inspire or even provoke others."

   Cho thinks a painting is only completed when a viewer adds his or her own interpretation and story to it. That explains his reasoning behind holding back emotional descriptions, like no facial expressions, and metaphorical satire.

The image provided by Cho Moon-ki shows the artist's "Bend and Disperse" in 2010. (Yonhap) The image provided by Cho Moon-ki shows the artist's "Bend and Disperse" in 2010. (Yonhap)

This image provided by Cho Moon-ki shows the artist's "New Bride Paying for Food" in 2008. (Yonhap) This image provided by Cho Moon-ki shows the artist's "New Bride Paying for Food" in 2008. (Yonhap)

"I want my paintings to have different meanings depending on who views them. A painting will be only fully complete when it has a story to tell. I feel motivated when it happens," he said.

While Cho is still looking for what an ideal family looks like, he wants others to join the conversation on the subject or at least to take time to think about it themselves.

"To be honest, I don't have an answer myself. But the bottom line is that every individual is important and their happiness is what matters. That much I know," he said. "I dream of a society where an individual isn't forced to sacrifice for his or her family and a bigger institution, for that matter."

   jaeyeon.woo@yna.co.kr

(END)

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