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(LEAD) Presidential adviser's remarks about scaling back exercises could exacerbate U.S. concerns: expert

2017/06/19 10:00

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(ATTN: CHANGES dateline; UPDATES with remarks from a South Korean official regarding the special adviser's remarks in paras 3-4)

By Chang Jae-soon

WASHINGTON/SEOUL, June 19 (Yonhap) -- U.S. concerns about President Moon Jae-in's policy could worsen after one of his special advisers suggested a willingness to consider scaling back joint military exercises with the U.S. if North Korea freezes its nuclear and missile programs, experts said Sunday.

Moon Chung-in, a Yonsei University professor serving as special presidential adviser for foreign and security affairs, made the remark during a Wilson Center seminar in Washington on Friday, saying President Moon has proposed the idea as part of an incremental solution to the nuclear standoff.

Reducing deployment of U.S. strategic weapons to the South during the exercises could be one way of scaling down the maneuvers, the adviser said, noting that U.S. strategic assets, such as aircraft carriers and nuclear-powered submarines, began participating in joint exercises only several years ago.

An official from South Korea's presidential office Cheong Wa Dae in Seoul insisted the professor was voicing his own personal views, saying they had not been coordinated with the presidential office, let alone the president.

The Cheong Wa Dae official, speaking to reporters on the condition of anonymity, noted the special adviser had met with a ranking official from the presidential National Security Office prior to his U.S. trip, but said the two had merely exchanged greetings.

"Moon Chung-in's comments will exacerbate U.S. concerns about President Moon Jae-in's potential policies on North Korea and the U.S. alliance," Bruce Klingner, a Korea expert at the Heritage Foundation, told Yonhap News Agency.

"To date, President Moon and most advisers have been reassuring to Washington, their comments suggesting the new administration will not embrace the far-left policies of liberal predecessor Roh Moo-hyun," the expert said.

However, professor Moon's remarks run counter to President Moon's comments, Klingner said, adding that the adviser has described a more unilateral South Korean engagement approach toward Pyongyang and stronger skepticism or even resistance to the THAAD deployment.

"Coming on the eve of the U.S.-South Korean summit, professor Moon's trip could be seen as counter-productive, heightening rather than allaying U.S. concerns. But it also serves to underscore the importance of the Trump-Moon meeting to align allied policy toward the common North Korean threat," he said.

"While it is too early to predict a return to the strained bilateral relations during Roh Moo-hyun's administration, that is certainly a very real potential," he added.

Robert Manning, an Atlantic Council expert, acknowledged that some of the U.S. "show of force" activities, such as flying nuclear bombers over the Demilitarized Zone on the border with the North, have been excessive and counterproductive.

Still, he said it's a "bad idea" to reduce U.S.-Korea military readiness "in exchange for North Korea not doing things it shouldn't be doing and which violate U.N. Security Council resolutions.

"Some of the ideas floated by President Moon and his top advisers seem to be dusting off old 'sunshine' ideas that failed," Manning said. "While some dialogue with North Korea is needed, so are tougher sanctions."

   Manning also said that "freeze" ideas risk being manipulated by the North and stressed that the nuclear issue should be resolved based on the September 2005 Joint Statement that committed Pyongyang to completely ending its nuclear program in exchange for diplomatic and economic concessions.

"If President Moon puts forward some ideas they have floated, it may lead to discord at the Moon-Trump summit," Manning said.

Moon Chung-in, special presidential adviser for unification, foreign and security affairs (Yonhap) Moon Chung-in, special presidential adviser for unification, foreign and security affairs (Yonhap)

jschang@yna.co.kr

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