NORTH KOREA NEWSLETTER NO. 49 (April 9, 2009) |
*** DATA ON NORTH KOREA
Chronology of North Korean Missile Program
Early 1970s Becomes involved in China's missile development and acquires missile technology from China.
1984 Test-fires Scud-A missile.
1985 Test-fires improved Scud-B.
1989 Test-fires Scud-C.
1993 Test-fires Rodong-1.
Aug. 1998 Test-fires Taepodong-1 over Japan, frightening the island country. Some parts of the missile, which the North claimed was a satellite called Kwangmyongsong-1, reportedly flew as far as the sea near the U.S. state of Alaska, giving momentum for the U.S. to speed up missile negotiations with North Korea.
Sept. 1999 Declares a moratorium on missile tests with the U.S. announcement it is easing sanctions against the North.
Sept. 2002 Agrees in summit meeting with Japan to extend its moratorium on missile tests beyond 2003.
July 5, 2006 Test -fires at least seven missiles, including one Taepodong-2 long-range missile.
Feb. 24, 2009 The (North) Korean Committee of Space Technology issues a statement saying preparations for launching a satellite are "now making brisk headway." The statement also said the launch will be of an "experimental communications satellite Kwangmyongsong-2" that will be carried vie delivery rocket Unha-2 from Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground in Hwadae County, North Hamgyong Province on the east coast.
March 9, 2009 The (North) Korean People's Army (KPA) General Staff warns North Korea will retaliate against any foreign attempt to shoot down the satellite it plans to launch with "prompt counter strikes by the most powerful military means."
March 12, 2009 The KCNA says North Korea has recently joined international treaties on space exploration and given notice to the International Civil Aviation Organization and the International Maritime Organization of necessary information for traffic safety on sea and air. The aviation and maritime agencies confirm the report, saying the North had notified them of the launch period -- daytime between April 4 and 8 -- and the rocket's coordinates in the East Sea and the Pacific.
March 24, 2009 The North's foreign ministry warns Pyongyang may quit the six-party nuclear talks and retain its atomic weapons should the U.S. impose sanctions over its satellite launch.
March 26, 2009 The North's foreign ministry warns any U.N. action against the North's satellite launch will rupture the six-party denuclearization talks and prompt Pyongyang to reverse the disabling process of its key nuclear reactor.
March 30, 2009 The North's Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Fatherland says Pyongyang will consider it a "declaration of war" if South Korea participates in the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), U.S.-led multilateral efforts to interdict the transfer of nuclear and other weapons by North Korea and other nations.
April 2, 2009 The General Staff of the Korean People's Army issues an "important report" warning that if regional countries take "any slight move to intercept" its satellite, its military will promptly retaliate against it.
April 4, 2009 The KCNA says the North will "soon" launch the communications satellite, with preparations on its launch pad on the east coast complete.
April 5, 2009 The KCNA says that the "communications satellite Kwangmyongsong-2" has successfully entered into orbit.