ITU (International Telecommunication Union) is the UN agency specialized for information and communication technologies (ICTs), which allocates global radio spectrum and satellite orbits, develops the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect, and strive to improve access to ICTs worldwide.
ITU was founded in Paris in 1865 as the International Telegraph Union. It took its present name in 1934, and in 1947 became a specialized agency of the United Nations.
Areas of Action
Improves and standardize ICT service, manages radio and satellite spectrum
- - Assigns global radio spectrum to prevent hazardous signal interference
- - Coordinates the world’s satellites through the management of spectrum and orbits
- - Standardize international radio communication
- - Establishes and develops telecommunication network in developing nations
- - Promotes cooperation between members for affordable telecommunication fees
- - Cooperates via IT telecommunication network in the wake of disasters and emergency
- - Conducts ITC research, develops regulations and guidelines, adopts resolution and provides information
- - Provides ICT service in underdeveloped areas jointly with global finance and development agencies
- - Promotes cooperation with other organizations and agencies to achieve ITU’s goal
Plenipotentiary refers to a person who has "full powers." In particular, the term commonly refers to a diplomat fully authorized to represent his or her government as a prerogative.
The Plenipotentiary Conference is ITU's top policy-making body that sets the general policies of the organization for the next four years with attendance of senior ITC officials from 193 member nations.
The Plenipotentiary Conference is the key event at which ITU Member States decide on the future role of the organization, thereby determining the organization's ability to influence and affect the development of ICT worldwide.
The ITU uses the term “Plenipotentiary” to represent a top policy-making body that brings together high-level officials every four year.